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Version: v2.x

πŸ”Œ Routing

Handlers​

Registers a route bound to a specific HTTP method.

Signatures
// HTTP methods
func (app *App) Get(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
func (app *App) Head(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
func (app *App) Post(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
func (app *App) Put(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
func (app *App) Delete(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
func (app *App) Connect(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
func (app *App) Options(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
func (app *App) Trace(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
func (app *App) Patch(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router

// Add allows you to specifiy a method as value
func (app *App) Add(method, path string, handlers ...Handler) Router

// All will register the route on all HTTP methods
// Almost the same as app.Use but not bound to prefixes
func (app *App) All(path string, handlers ...Handler) Router
Examples
// Simple GET handler
app.Get("/api/list", func(c *fiber.Ctx)error{
return c.SendString("I'm a GET request!")
})

// Simple POST handler
app.Post("/api/register", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString("I'm a POST request!")
})

Use can be used for middleware packages and prefix catchers. These routes will only match the beginning of each path i.e. /john will match /john/doe, /johnnnnn etc

Signature
func (app *App) Use(args ...interface{}) Router
Examples
// Match any request
app.Use(func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.Next()
})

// Match request starting with /api
app.Use("/api", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.Next()
})

// Match requests starting with /api or /home (multiple-prefix support)
app.Use([]string{"/api", "/home"}, func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.Next()
})

// Attach multiple handlers
app.Use("/api",func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
c.Set("X-Custom-Header", random.String(32))
return c.Next()
}, func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.Next()
})

Paths​

Route paths, combined with a request method, define the endpoints at which requests can be made. Route paths can be strings or string patterns.

Examples of route paths based on strings

// This route path will match requests to the root route, "/":
app.Get("/", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString("root")
})

// This route path will match requests to "/about":
app.Get("/about", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString("about")
})

// This route path will match requests to "/random.txt":
app.Get("/random.txt", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString("random.txt")
})

As with the expressJs framework, the order of the route declaration plays a role. When a request is received, the routes are checked in the order in which they are declared.

info

So please be careful to write routes with variable parameters after the routes that contain fixed parts, so that these variable parts do not match instead and unexpected behavior occurs.

Parameters​

Route parameters are dynamic elements in the route, which are named or not named segments. This segments that are used to capture the values specified at their position in the URL. The obtained values can be retrieved using the Params function, with the name of the route parameter specified in the path as their respective keys or for unnamed parameters the character(*, +) and the counter of this.

The characters :, +, and * are characters that introduce a parameter.

Greedy parameters are indicated by wildcard(*) or plus(+) signs.

The routing also offers the possibility to use optional parameters, for the named parameters these are marked with a final "?", unlike the plus sign which is not optional, you can use the wildcard character for a parameter range which is optional and greedy.

Example of define routes with route parameters

// Parameters
app.Get("/user/:name/books/:title", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
fmt.Fprintf(c, "%s\n", c.Params("name"))
fmt.Fprintf(c, "%s\n", c.Params("title"))
return nil
})
// Plus - greedy - not optional
app.Get("/user/+", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString(c.Params("+"))
})

// Optional parameter
app.Get("/user/:name?", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString(c.Params("name"))
})

// Wildcard - greedy - optional
app.Get("/user/*", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString(c.Params("*"))
})

// This route path will match requests to "/v1/some/resource/name:customVerb", since the parameter character is escaped
app.Get("/v1/some/resource/name\\:customVerb", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString("Hello, Community")
})
info

Since the hyphen (-) and the dot (.) are interpreted literally, they can be used along with route parameters for useful purposes.

info

All special parameter characters can also be escaped with "\\" and lose their value, so you can use them in the route if you want, like in the custom methods of the google api design guide.

// http://localhost:3000/plantae/prunus.persica
app.Get("/plantae/:genus.:species", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
fmt.Fprintf(c, "%s.%s\n", c.Params("genus"), c.Params("species"))
return nil // prunus.persica
})
// http://localhost:3000/flights/LAX-SFO
app.Get("/flights/:from-:to", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
fmt.Fprintf(c, "%s-%s\n", c.Params("from"), c.Params("to"))
return nil // LAX-SFO
})

Our intelligent router recognizes that the introductory parameter characters should be part of the request route in this case and can process them as such.

// http://localhost:3000/shop/product/color:blue/size:xs
app.Get("/shop/product/color::color/size::size", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
fmt.Fprintf(c, "%s:%s\n", c.Params("color"), c.Params("size"))
return nil // blue:xs
})

In addition, several parameters in a row and several unnamed parameter characters in the route, such as the wildcard or plus character, are possible, which greatly expands the possibilities of the router for the user.

// GET /@v1
// Params: "sign" -> "@", "param" -> "v1"
app.Get("/:sign:param", handler)

// GET /api-v1
// Params: "name" -> "v1"
app.Get("/api-:name", handler)

// GET /customer/v1/cart/proxy
// Params: "*1" -> "customer/", "*2" -> "/cart"
app.Get("/*v1*/proxy", handler)

// GET /v1/brand/4/shop/blue/xs
// Params: "*1" -> "brand/4", "*2" -> "blue/xs"
app.Get("/v1/*/shop/*", handler)

We have adapted the routing strongly to the express routing, but currently without the possibility of the regular expressions, because they are quite slow. The possibilities can be tested with version 0.1.7 (express 4) in the online Express route tester.

Constraints​

Route constraints execute when a match has occurred to the incoming URL and the URL path is tokenized into route values by parameters. The feature was intorduced in v2.37.0 and inspired by .NET Core.

caution

Constraints aren't validation for parameters. If constraint aren't valid for parameter value, Fiber returns 404 handler.

ConstraintExampleExample matches
int:id<int>123456789, -123456789
bool:active<bool>true,false
guid:id<guid>CD2C1638-1638-72D5-1638-DEADBEEF1638
float:weight<float>1.234, -1,001.01e8
minLen(value):username<minLen(4)>Test (must be at least 4 characters)
maxLen(value):filename<maxLen(8)>MyFile (must be no more than 8 characters
len(length):filename<len(12)>somefile.txt (exactly 12 characters)
min(value):age<min(18)>19 (Integer value must be at least 18)
max(value):age<max(120)>91 (Integer value must be no more than 120)
range(min,max):age<range(18,120)>91 (Integer value must be at least 18 but no more than 120)
alpha:name<alpha>Rick (String must consist of one or more alphabetical characters, a-z and case-insensitive)
datetime:dob<datetime(2006\\-01\\-02)>2005-11-01
regex(expression):date<regex(\d{4}-\d{2}-\d{2})}>2022-08-27 (Must match regular expression)

Examples

app.Get("/:test<min(5)>", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString(c.Params("test"))
})

// curl -X GET http://localhost:3000/12
// 12

// curl -X GET http://localhost:3000/1
// Cannot GET /1
caution

You should use \\ before routing-specific characters when to use datetime constraint (*, +, ?, :, /, <, >, ;, (, )), to avoid wrong parsing.

Optional Parameter Example

You can impose constraints on optional parameters as well.

app.Get("/:test<int>?", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString(c.Params("test"))
})
// curl -X GET http://localhost:3000/42
// 42
// curl -X GET http://localhost:3000/
//
// curl -X GET http://localhost:3000/7.0
// Cannot GET /7.0

Middleware​

Functions that are designed to make changes to the request or response are called middleware functions. The Next is a Fiber router function, when called, executes the next function that matches the current route.

Example of a middleware function

app.Use(func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
// Set a custom header on all responses:
c.Set("X-Custom-Header", "Hello, World")

// Go to next middleware:
return c.Next()
})

app.Get("/", func(c *fiber.Ctx) error {
return c.SendString("Hello, World!")
})

Use method path is a mount, or prefix path, and limits middleware to only apply to any paths requested that begin with it.

Grouping​

If you have many endpoints, you can organize your routes using Group.

func main() {
app := fiber.New()

api := app.Group("/api", middleware) // /api

v1 := api.Group("/v1", middleware) // /api/v1
v1.Get("/list", handler) // /api/v1/list
v1.Get("/user", handler) // /api/v1/user

v2 := api.Group("/v2", middleware) // /api/v2
v2.Get("/list", handler) // /api/v2/list
v2.Get("/user", handler) // /api/v2/user

log.Fatal(app.Listen(":3000"))
}